As the city of Srebrenica fell on 11 July 1995, approximately 25,000 refugees sought refuge at Dutchbat. Some stayed in the compound and some stayed in an adjacent area that was cordoned off with tape and armoured vehicles (collectively: the mini safe area). The conditions in the mini safe area were appalling. The UN and the State decided to evacuate the refugees and Dutchbat. From that point forward, the State exercised effective control over Dutchbat’s conduct and Dutchbat’s actions were attributable to the State. The refugees were evacuated under Dutchbat’s guidance starting on the afternoon of Wednesday, 12 July 1995. Starting on the evening of 12 July, Dutchbat knew that after the male refugees had been separated from the rest of the refugees by the Bosnian Serbs, they would be at real risk of abuse and execution. That knowledge thus existed when Dutchbat continued evacuating the refugees from the mini safe area outside the compound on the morning of Thursday, 13 July. In the judgment of the Supreme Court, the continuation of that evacuation was not wrongful. The fate of the refugees would not have been changed had Dutchbat stopped cooperating, because the Bosnian Serbs would have continued the evacuation in some other way. Discontinuing that guidance would not have affected the risk to the male refugees who remained outside the compound because they could not hide. Even if Dutchbat had stopped guiding the evacuation, therefore, the Bosnian Serbs would still have separated these men from the other refugees and taken them away. Dutchbat’s choice to continue providing guidance in order to prevent women and children from being trampled was not wrongful.