The Ukrainian State considers the Crimean treasures being part of its cultural heritage. It fears that if the APM returns the Crimean treasures to the Crimean museums, the treasures will end up in possession of the Russian Federation and thus out of its control. The Ukrainian State claims the treasures on the basis of the Dutch Heritage Act, arguing that the Crimean treasures belong to its cultural heritage and that these are currently withheld illegally in the Netherlands. In addition, The Ukrainian State claims the treasures as owner.
The Crimean museums, on the other hand, consider the Crimean treasures being part of their cultural heritage. They fear that if the APM hands over the Crimean treasures to the Ukrainian State, these will never return to their collections. The Crimean museums claim the treasures, first because the APM had agreed to return these to them as set out in the loan agreements, and furthermore because they have a right of “operational management” under Ukrainian law.
The APM has suspended its obligation to return the treasures for the time being. It is nevertheless prepared to hand over the treasures to the party that in the end proves to have the best rights.